Halloween Part 1
The history and traditions of Halloween celebration.
Probably each of us is curious to learn more about Halloween. What is the essence of this holiday? From what rituals and traditions did it come from? Many ask why adults and children wear terrifying and unusual costumes and scare each other? We are confident that you will be interested to learn about this and much more.
The history of this festival dates back to very ancient times before the Christian era. This is the time when the lands of Ireland, Northern France and England lived the tribes of the Celts. Then the ancient Celts divided the year into two parts: summer and winter. The transition from one season to another coincided with the end of the harvest. This moment was celebrated on October 31 and symbolized the beginning of a new year. Next, was winter.
On the night of October 31st to November 1st, according to ancient legends, disappearing boundary between the world of the living and the dead, which was called Samhain or Samhain. The Celts were pagans believed this holiday was one of the most important and to protect themselves from the shadows of the dead were put on the heads and skins of various animals, putting out a fire in their home centers and their scary outfits frightened souls of the dead and ghosts.
During the celebration, people walked on the streets of treats for spirits, and all the people gathered at the burning fires. This night is traditionally made predictions and made sacrificial offerings. These traditions lasted for many centuries, until the time when the Romans in the 1st century of our era became the conquerors of the territory of the Celts.
After the capture of the inhabitants of Ireland and Britain were with the use of force converted to the Christian faith and were forced to abandon their practices. However, the memories and traditions of Samhain are still remembered and passed on from generation to generation.
The return of the Samhain holiday became possible thanks to a decree of Pope Gregory III in the 9th century to postpone the celebration of All Saints Day from May 13th to November 1st. The night before the holiday in the middle ages in England was called All Hallows or the abridged version of Halloween.
Thus the Christian Church tried to eradicate the Celtic of trade, but got the opposite effect. The festival not only survived but became associated in the minds of people with the celebration of All Saints Day.
In America, the history of the celebration of Halloween goes back more than 100 years and the Americans think this holiday is one of the most fun festivals. This holiday is popular among both children and adults, sometimes even more popular than Christmas or New Year. Commercialization of the holiday has not spared Halloween, so during the celebration a lot of candy and other sweets are sold.
In many countries for Halloween specially grown pumpkins are sold, which are then cut out and put up the window or outside to scare away evil spirits from their homes. Halloween is the most popular in the United States and Canada. More than 70% of Americans decorate their homes and offices before the holiday each year.
To be continued...