"Among the wide palette of green gems, there is a stone that should be considered Russian. Only in Russia rich deposits of this mysterious mineral were discovered. These deposits have made it famous throughout the world. This stone, malachite, is bright, vivid, cheerful and yet silky and soft green"
A. E. Fersman
Natural mineral, malachite, is considered one of the most beautiful natural minerals on Earth. Apparently, malachite owes its name to the colour of the leaves mallow (from the Greek malache - mallow) that have green color. Color of malachite is determined by the set of all possible shades. Literally the whole palette of green colour ranges from light green with a hint of blue and turquoise, to very rich dark green colour. From the scientific point of view, malachite is a chemical compound of copper or otherwise carbonate basic copper. It has a fairly simple chemical composition: (Zion)SO, or CISO·si(Oh)2.
Natural mineral, malachite, is located in places where large deposits of copper ore are found. It is created in the hollows formed by mountain breeds of limestone and karst caves. Unique colour of malachite owes it to the copper ions. Thanks to this, the texture of the stone is very diverse. Geometrically, the mineral can be looked at as small a variety of masses that are of kidney-shaped form. Malachite in the form of crystals is extremely rare. So, if to compare it with other green malachite minerals, one can see that it only has its natural pattern.
Based on scientific archeological data the most ancient jewelry from malachite was created in the late stone age, due to the foundings during excavations on the territory of modern Egypt. This discovery was the suspension. Scientists who studied this, determined the age of the items of not less than 10.5 thousand years.
On the territory of modern Palestine, around the city of Jericho, archaeologists discovered necklaces of malachite made by ancient masters 9 thousand years ago. In Egypt, malachite began to be produced later: 3 thousand years. In the Greek city of Ephesus, at the entrance to the famous temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the world, the giant columns were made of malachite. Many historians argue that these columns were later used in the construction of St. Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople (modern Istanbul).
In the distant ancient times (8 BC- 6 BC), malachite was highly valued for it is rare and unusually beautiful. Sculptors and artists began to use malachite, which in turn became passionately desired for rich and noble people of that time. From malachite produced in Ancient Egypt on the Sinai Peninsula, cameos were made, as well as amulets and variety of decorations. Many ladies used malachite in the form of powder eyeliner.
Later, in the middle ages the development of malachite in European culture took place through the study of the traditions described in old books. At this time in Europe legends and traditions about the malachite were thoroughly studied. There are many references to the splendour of this beautiful mineral. Malachite turned into an amulet became the mascot with internal hidden world and hidden meaning. What malachite made in the form of a cross had helped to make childbirths less severe. Green color of this mineral was associated with a symbol of life and growth.
It has long been known that a piece of malachite, if you attach it to the crib, repel evil spirits. And the child, illuminated by the stone, will sleep soundly and comfortably. People from various parts of Germany said that malachite has a reputation of protecting against falls from heights. For example, riders on the horse or working from scaffolding. Before it used to bring trouble, if the stone was broken up into pieces. The Belgian doctor and scientist Boetius de Boot in his History of Precious Stones, wrote that special power that malachite gives is the engraving on the stone with the image of the sun. In the modern world many people also believe in the miraculous properties of malachite, which is confirmed by many examples.
The mineral became widely known at the end of the XVIII century, when huge deposits of malachite in the Ural comuntainswere discovered. Because of this, the cultural center of processing of malachite relocated to Russia, and became very popular in different production technologies, in research, and in art. Then malachite found the embodiment of both small and monumental forms. At this time, malachite, again, is becoming very popular.
Perhaps this period was the most significant for the malachite. Art processing of malachite became extremely popular in Russia. Created from malachite masterpieces, affected the whole world with its size, perfect work and depth and understanding of perfection of this unusual mineral. Russia has become a trendsetter in all directions of art relating to malachite.
In our time, malachite is still very popular among artists. Many collectors are showing strong interest in the malachite, embodied in small art forms. As before, malachite remains one of the most common minerals used in jewelry, as well as small jewelry cabinets with various boxes, souvenirs, table clocks, ashtrays, and other. Also there is a huge demand on the market for brooches, rings, necklaces, and pendants.
Now, there are several large deposits of malachite. Production of malachite are in the US, Zaire, Chile, Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Australia. However, all the same beauty and uniqueness of patterns and colours, brings malachite produced in the Ural mountains. Malachite from there is considered the best, and therefore remains the most valuable and rare from all mined minerals.
From Emerald Lure you can buy a variety of beautiful and stylish rings, earrings, pendants, and souvenirs only made of genuine Ural malachite. Our jewelry with malachite is true work of art!